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  • ImportanceThe combination of ascorbic acid, corticosteroids, and thiamine has been identified as a potential therapy for septic shock. ObjectiveTo determine whether the combination of ascorbic acid, corticosteroids, and thiamine attenuates organ injury in patients with septic shock. Design, Setting, and ParticipantsRandomized, blinded, multicenter clinical trial of ascorbic acid, corticosteroids, and thiamine vs placebo for adult patients with septic shock. Two hundred five patients were enrolled between February 9, 2018, and October 27, 2019, at 14 centers in the United States. Follow-up continued until November 26, 2019. InterventionsPatients were randomly assigned to receive parenteral ascorbic acid (1500 mg), hydrocortisone (50 mg), and thiamine (100 mg) every 6 hours for 4 days (n = 103) or placebo in matching volumes at the same time points (n = 102). Main Outcomes and MeasuresThe primary outcome was change in the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score (range, 0-24; 0 = best) between enrollment and 72 hours. Key secondary outcomes included kidney failure and 30-day mortality. Patients who received at least 1 dose of study drug were included in analyses. ResultsAmong 205 randomized patients (mean age, 68 [SD, 15] years; 90 [44%] women), 200 (98%) received at least 1 dose of study drug, completed the trial, and were included in the analyses (101 with intervention and 99 with placebo group). Overall, there was no statistically significant interaction between time and treatment group with regard to SOFA score over the 72 hours after enrollment (mean SOFA score change from 9.1 to 4.4 [−4.7] points with intervention vs 9.2 to 5.1 [−4.1] points with placebo; adjusted mean difference, −0.8; 95% CI, −1.7 to 0.2; P = .12 for interaction). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of kidney failure (31.7% with intervention vs 27.3% with placebo; adjusted risk difference, 0.03; 95% CI, −0.1 to 0.2; P = .58) or in 30-day mortality (34.7% vs 29.3%, respectively; hazard ratio, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.8-2.2; P = .26). The most common serious adverse events were hyperglycemia (12 patients with intervention and 7 patients with placebo), hypernatremia (11 and 7 patients, respectively), and new hospital-acquired infection (13 and 12 patients, respectively). Conclusions and RelevanceIn patients with septic shock, the combination of ascorbic acid, corticosteroids, and thiamine, compared with placebo, did not result in a statistically significant reduction in SOFA score during the first 72 hours after enrollment. These data do not support routine use of this combination therapy for patients with septic shock. Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03389555
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  • JAMA
  • License Rights Holder:
  • Copyright 2020 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
  • Asset Type:
  • Text
  • Asset Subtype:
  • Article
  • Image Orientation:
  • Portrait
  • Image Dimensions:
  • 1275 x 1650
  • Image File Size:
  • 295 KB
  • Creator:
  • Ari Moskowitz, David T. Huang, Peter C. Hou, Jonathan Gong, Pratik B. Doshi, Anne V. Grossestreuer, Lars W. Andersen, Long Ngo, Robert L. Sherwin, Katherine M. Berg, Maureen Chase, Michael N. Cocchi, Jessica B. McCannon, Mark Hershey, Ayelet Hilewitz, Maksim Korotun, Lance B Becker, Ronny M Otero, Junior Uduman, Ayan Sen, Michael W. Donnino
  • Credit:
  • Moskowitz, A., Huang, D. T., Hou, P. C., Gong, J., Doshi, P. B., Grossestreuer, A. V., Andersen, L. W., Ngo, L., Sherwin, R. L., Berg, K. M., Chase, M., Cocchi, M. N., McCannon, J. B., Hershey, M., Hilewitz, A., Korotun, M., Becker, L. B., Otero, R. M., Uduman, J., Sen, A., & Donnino, M. W. (2020). Effect of Ascorbic Acid, Corticosteroids, and Thiamine on Organ Injury in Septic Shock. JAMA, 324(7), 642-650. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.11946.
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  • Property Release:
  • No
  • Model Release:
  • No
  • Purchasable:
  • Yes
  • Sensitive Materials:
  • No
  • Article Authors:
  • Ari Moskowitz, David T. Huang, Peter C. Hou, Jonathan Gong, Pratik B. Doshi, Anne V. Grossestreuer, Lars W. Andersen, Long Ngo, Robert L. Sherwin, Katherine M. Berg, Maureen Chase, Michael N. Cocchi, Jessica B. McCannon, Mark Hershey, Ayelet Hilewitz, Maksim Korotun, Lance B Becker, Ronny M Otero, Junior Uduman, Ayan Sen, Michael W. Donnino
  • Article Copyright Year:
  • Publication Title:
  • JAMA
  • Publication Volume:
  • 324
  • Publication Issue:
  • 7
  • Publication Date:
  • 08/18/2020
  • DOI:
  • https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.11946

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